Course Outline


Course Outline



 

NOTES

This site was developed for anyone wishing to improve their basic knowledge of chemistry, and in particular those students preparing to take a first year college chemistry course for science majors. It is designed to be a self-paced tutorial.

A companion site, CHEM 1100: Preparation for General Chemistry, is available on UM Drive (requires U of M login).
In the pages below, the notation [1100 Chapter X] indicates that a how-to video is available on this companion site.
Other links on [Show Me] pages direct you to freely available internet resources.

CONTENTS

  1. Numbers and Measurements
    • the difference between precision and accuracy
    • significant figures in a measurement or estimate
    • converting numbers to and from scientific notation
  2. Time and Length
    • the base unit second (s) and other units of time
    • the base unit meter (m) and other units of length
    • some metric system prefixes: kilo, centi, milli, micro, nano
  3. Mass and Volume
    • grams (g) and other units of mass
    • liters (L) and other units of volume
    • calculations with numbers in scientific notation
  4. Physical Properties of Matter
    • the relationship between mass, volume, and density
    • different units of temperature
    • the physical states of matter
  5. Mixtures
    • heterogeneous and homogeneous mixtures
    • percentage as a quantitative description of composition
    • the difference between a mixture and a pure substance
  6. Elements and Compounds
    • the Law of Conservation of Mass equates quantities of reactants and products
    • the difference between elements and compounds
    • principles and implications of the atomic theory
  7. Matter and Energy
    • different forms of energy
    • units of energy: joule and calorie
    • specific heat relates temperature change to quantity of energy transferred
  8. Atomic Structure
    • the properties of protons, neutrons, and electrons and their distribution in atoms
    • atomic number and mass number define isotopes
    • the origin and meaning of atomic mass
  9. The Periodic Table
    • organization of the periodic table
    • main groups and the transition elements
    • distribution of electrons among shells and sub-shells in the atom
  10. Binary Compounds
    • elements are metals, metalloids, or non-metals
    • composition and naming of ionic compounds
    • composition, representation, and naming of molecular compounds
  11. The Mole and Molar Mass
    • the mole, i.e. Avogadro's number of objects
    • molar mass for elements and compounds
    • percentage composition of a compound from its formula
  12. Oxidation and Reduction
    • writing balanced chemical equations
    • reactions of elements with oxygen
    • oxidation (loss of electrons) and reduction (gain of electrons)
  13. Aqueous Solutions
    • the observed properties of water in terms of the behavior of molecules
    • aqueous solutions of molecular and ionic compounds
    • molarity, concentration expressed as moles of solute per liter of solution
  14. Acids, Bases, and pH
    • topic
  15. Polyatomic Ions
    • topic
  16. Neutralization Reactions
    • topic
  17. Precipitation Reactions
    • topic
  18. Quantitative Relationships
    • topic
  19. RedOx Reactions
    • topic
  20. The Gas Laws
    • topic
  21. Ideal Gas Equation
    • topic